All of these lectures were originally powerpoint slide presentations (can't you tell?) with loads of graphics, etc.

Virgina Woolf and Second Wave Feminism

Virginia Woolf's work was crucial to second wave feminism -- sometimes associated with the "sexual revolution" in the sixties and seventies --

you know the icons: Betty Freidan, Germaine Greer, Gloria Steinem and the founding of Ms. magazine....

Virginia Woolf and Women in Literature

"The title women and fiction might mean... women and what they are like; or it might mean women and the fiction that they write; or it might mean women and the fiction that is written about them..."

Virginia Woolf and Modern Literature

While World War I. has faded in the common, popular consciousness to "just another war." In the historical chain of incessant wars, however, it was not viewed that way by the people of the time. The Great War was seen as a watershed, the end of an old, gracious, ordered, monarchical, patriarchical, familiar world. In its place, there quickly arose a world of the new, the savage, the disordered, the democratic and demagogic, dictatorial, formless, and unfamiliar world. Writers and artists quickly realized that the "old world" ideas were embedded in the old world practices, and they began searching for new methods to reflect the environment they inhabited. Cubism, surrealism, expressionism were all attempts of the plastic arts to respond to Twentieth Century conditions - and writers like Virginia Woolf were doing the same for literature.


LIke a writer we will study later in the term, Mary Shelley, Virginia Woolf wrote within a circle of artist and writer friends:

Vanessa Stephen & Clive Bell, Thoby Stephen, Virginia Stephen & Leonard Woolf, Adrian Stephen, Roger Fry, Duncan Grant, and Dora Carrington.

This is called the Bloomsbury group after their neighborhood in the London suburbs. There are plenty of movies and books about these folks, in addition to those they wrote --

Virginia Woolf and Women in Literature

Feminist literary theories until Gilbert and Gubar focused on analyses of "images of women" in mostly male authors.

Their first book written together shifted away from literary criticism of women as object to be written into the text (women "in" literature) to that of women as the subject of writing (literature by and about women).

Gilbert & Gubar

Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar wrote several very comprehensive books about women in literature and women's literature, *excellent paper sources*:

The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination, 1979

No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century, Three Volume work

Norton Anthology of Literatue by Women

Shakespeare's Sisters: Feminist Essays on Women Writers and Feminism and Modernism

The LAPL has jillions of copies! Note the title of the last one... "Shakespeare's Sisters" -- who is that from?

Beyond Gilbert & Gubar

Gilbert and Gubar's attempt to "discover women's history" was new. Looking back now, there are many drawbacks

1) the experiences of all women were assumed to be the same -- all women were assumed to be the same in some way

2) the "male" or traditional ways of viewing writing -- about issues like "authority" and "history" were applied to women -- but are these the main critical concerns of female writers?

3) placing men and women in opposition


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